November 2021 | The Independent
There’s a bizarre fantasy popular in crypto circles known as the ‘Bitcoin Citadel’. The fantasy goes back to 2013, when Redditor Luka Magnotta uploaded a post as a time traveller from the future. He described his world as a wildly unequal dystopia divided between bitcoin maximalists and their eternal no-coiner slaves.
Nov 2021 | Energy Research and Social Science
Effective regulation of cryptocurrencies is urgently required, both to reduce the threat of catastrophic climate change, and to help the world's poorest towards sustainable development. However, regulating cryptocurrency mining in any context is likely to require a combination of efforts and is unlikely to result in win-win outcomes for all. Continue reading.
Nov 2022 | Marine Biologist
With a ‘blah blah blah’ growth-oriented post-COVID-19 recovery, mass tourism and fishing will prove environmentally and socially disastrous for the OTs. With a different approach, the Blue Belt could be an ideal opportunity to heal colonial scars, build resilient communities and, in some cases, compensate local people for maintaining these pristine islands for the UK’s benefit. Continue reading.
18 June 2021 | One Earth
Blockchains replace the need for trust between people with a need for distributed webs of computers and electrical energy. Even so, innovators have often rushed toward blockchain as a techno-fix to solve environmental crises. But such crises are almost always political in nature rather than technical. Conservationists and digital innovators must be mindful that a blockchain cannot fix complex political problems.
14 June 2021 | The Independent
Bitcoin can do very little to address the structural problems preventing Salvadorans from accessing financial services. Up to 49 per cent of adults without bank accounts simply don’t have the necessary documentation to open them. Others may not have a stable income to warrant it. Bitcoin on its own can’t solve either of these problems.
04 June 2021 | The Conversation
China appears committed to putting its own house in order, but Bitcoin’s social and environmental impacts urgently need a global response.
May 2021 | Political Geography
Whereas capitalist techno-fixes are leveraged in pursuit of economic growth and are reliant upon crises, we consider how degrowth innovations can enable political-technical strategies for more equitable human development, without an associated profit-incentive for crisis. Continue reading.
01 April 2021 | The Conversation
When you buy an NFT, you’re buying a unique certificate of ownership, which is locked away on an immutable distributed database known as a blockchain. The creator of the artwork generally retains the copyright and in most cases, you own little more than bragging rights. Creators are also likely to pass the costs for creating your NFT files (or “minting” them) on to you. Most of the time, what you’ll also be responsible for is an enormous carbon footprint.
It works like this. Your everyday crypto enthusiast is rarely an expert in the complex realities of disaster relief and humanitarian aid projects. But with crypto giving, donors are able to remove flexibility from the experts while exerting maximum control over the charities’ actions. Continue reading.
The review considers how crypto-giving platforms enable radical shifts in sectoral power relations through ‘surveillance philanthropy’. This surveillance ensures project funding fully reflects the interests of donors, whilst potentially restricting nonprofits in meeting the dynamic needs of beneficiaries. for the nonprofits naïve to the risks, crypto-giving offers a Trojan Horse. Continue reading.
18 November 2020 | The Conversation
Blue belt territories shouldn’t face a choice between poverty or environmentally ruinous growth. With a different approach, the Blue Belt could be an ideal opportunity to heal colonial scars, build resilient communities and, in some cases, compensate local people for maintaining these pristine islands for the UK’s benefit. Continue reading.
23 July 2020 | Ocean and Coastal Management
The UK Government has developed a ‘Blue Belt’, a network of large Marine Protected Areas involving 7 British Overseas Territories. The Blue Belt is the world's largest enclosure of space for conservation. To be economically feasible, the UK's bold conservation targets are integrated with wider tourism, fishing, and economic growth-motivated governance agendas. Instead of separating the UK from other spaces where its biodiversity targets are realised, these targets should be used as opportunities to reconcile the UK's colonial relationships with the territories, to build local capacity, and resilience. Continue reading.
20 April 2020 | Frontiers in Blockchain
Blockchain is implicated in neo-colonialism in 3 ways. Firstly, it plays into ongoing narratives of 'green grabbing', where local claims to resources are liquidated for green investments. Secondly, the technology perpetuates North-South trade and investment inequalities, and thirdly, a new power asymmetry is enabled by the technology through data colonialism and surveillance capitalism. Continue reading.
13 April 2020 | Non-profit & voluntary sector quarterly
Global lockdowns are isolating hard-up donors. Coronavirus restrictions are also placing barriers between charities and beneficiaries, especially in the Global South. Novel fundraising strategies are called for and disruptive technologies, like blockchain, are emerging as a useful tool. Continue reading.
1 April 2020 | Global Environmental Politics
According to Symons in Ecomodernism, fear-based appeals to drum up public support for frugality are turning people away from action on climate change. The book requests more faith in government and corporations and underscores the value of individual aspiration and technological innovation to provide a more hopeful response. Continue reading.
13 February 2020 | Marine Policy
Public distrust in conservation operations, as well as in the provenance of seafood, is growing. Some organisations have found practical solutions in disruptive technologies like blockchain. But, riding this wave will only prove worthwhile if coastal communities and artisanal fishers are on board and stand a chance of landing a fair share of the benefits.
Full text HERE
19 August 2019 | Nature Climate Change
Concern about the carbon footprint of Bitcoin is not holding back blockchain developers from leveraging the technology for action on climate change. Although blockchain technology is enabling individuals businesses, and even cities to manage their carbon emissions, the social and environmental costs and benefits of doing so remain unclear.
Full text HERE.
1 March 2019 | Geoforum
The original aim of REDD+ was to incentivise conservation, making tropical forests more valuable standing than cut down. Several flagging REDD+ projects are now hoping that blockchain technology can generate income. But, like with any powerful new technology, the benefits remain ambiguous. Continue reading.
4 June 2018 | Mongabay
The project brings together blockchain developers at IBM, funders seeking a greener image like BP, Gazprom, and Shell, and financial services companies like Allianz and Zurich, all promoting environmental and social transformation. Without a doubt, blockchain is providing these bedfellows with more efficient ways of connecting Indonesia’s carbon projects and global communities of eco-conscience consumers. But will Indonesia’s forest communities get a share of the goodies? Probably not. Continue reading.